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Orthodontic Implants

We all dream of that perfect smile, the one that flashes white teeth that are straight as a ruler. Today, it’s actually possible. The field of orthodontics has immensely developed over the past years. Many think that an orthodontic treatment is just an aesthetic procedure, but this is not the case. Improper structure of the teeth and jaw can make the daily task of cleaning the mouth difficult, causing various health problems, including caries. Therefore, orthodontic treatment integrates both the aesthetic aspect as well as the medical component.
The orthodontic process is simpler than it ever was in the past. Once, orthodontics involved complex, cumbersome instruments, looked aesthetically unpleasing to the patient and required significant involvement on the part of the patient. Many stayed away from orthodontic treatment because of the unpleasant feeling caused by the way it looked, even though it was only temporary. The development of orthodontics led to a simple, easy solution: orthodontic implants.

The objective of orthodontic implants
In the orthodontic process, gentle, constant pressure must be applied to the teeth that need to be moved against the other teeth which serve as the anchoring unit. The anchoring teeth must be completely stable, because their role is to assist in moving crooked teeth until the final objective of straightening the tooth is achieved. Most of the time, the side effect is the movement of the anchoring teeth, a phenomenon called “loss of anchorage” in the mouth. This problem can be solved with the orthodontic implant technique.

The process of inserting the orthodontic implants
The insertion of the implants is performed under light local anesthesia, does not require surgery and does not hurt. The process is not similar to the process of inserting implants for oral rehabilitation, and takes just a few minutes. After the implant, no pain is usually felt; the only sensation is a temporary discomfort until the mouth adapts to the new addition. Like regular anesthetics during a dental treatment, the numbness wears off after a short time. The location of the implant may be sensitive to touch for a day or two, and afterward, the patient will not feel any difference at the location of the implant.

The difference between orthodontic implants and regular implants
The role of implants used to restore teeth is to replace a missing tooth. The implant stays with the patient for many years, the pressure put upon it is great and it is meant to function for years of mastication. Orthodontic implants used to straighten teeth are called orthodontic mini-implants/micro-screws. They serve as temporary implants – small, fine screws which are meant to be used for a few months to a year only. The pressure placed upon them is not for an extended period of time.

The advantage of external implants in orthodontics
During recent years, the use of orthodontic implants by orthodontists has become common due to their ease of use and insertion, and their ability to provide more successful anchorage solutions than in the past. These implants can be a successful alternative to headgear in certain cases, or in other cases when the patient’s cooperation influences the advancement of the treatment and its success, and even shortens the treatment time as a result. The implants are removed after the orthodontic treatment process is completed.

Solutions for complex cases using orthodontic implants

Case 1:

1 Before. Open anterior occlusion, crooked and protruding teeth
2 Process of treatment with the orthodontic implants
3 End of treatment

Case 2:

1 Before. Lack of space for tooth, large gap in the back
2 After. Gap in the back closed, all of the teeth in position

Case 3:

1 + 2 Before: Severe case of protruding lower jaw and crooked teeth
3 + 4 Use of orthodontic implants for a significant improvement (after 9 months of treatment)

Case 4: Orthodontic implant instead of an extraoral appliance (headgear).

1 Before – Protruding teeth and impacted cuspids
2 Treatment with orthodontic implants, without headgear
3 End of treatment - side view
4 End of treatment - front view

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